TOP 10 Rarest and Most Expensive Gemstones [List 1]Ever seen Video explains

TOP 10 Rarest and Most Expensive Gemstones Ever. List [1]



1. Jadeite

– more than $3 million per carat This gemstone is actually a pyroxene mineral, usually of apple green, emerald green, bluish green or leek green in color. There have also been some that are either greenish white or white with some green spots. Jadeites are colorless in the thin section of the stone. The more intense the green, the more expensive the stone will get. The Chinese, however, also value the white jadeite with green spots. A deep blue-green jadeite that emits a translucent hue has also been discovered in recent times in Guatemala. While it is considered valuable because of historical reasons as the Mesoamerican Olmec used it, the rarity of this specific kind of jadeite has yet to be established. Once the Guatemalans start actively mining for it and confirms its rarity, the value may increase even more.

2. Red Diamonds

– $2 million to 2.5 million per carat This gemstone is very rare. Most of it are actually purplish red, and not crimson or pure red. A mining company located in Australia gets to find only a small number of red diamonds every year. These are then sold at an auction once every couple of years, and you can just imagine the interest, demand and price that the red diamonds command.

3. Serendibite

– $1.8 million to 2 million per carat The serendibite gemstone is an extremely rare mineral that bears boron. Only two areas have been known to produce quality serendibite, namely Ratanapura in Sri Lanka and Mogok in northern Burma. Most of the serendibites found are blue green, grayish blue or pale yellow with a white streak.

4. Blue Garnet

– $1.5 million per carat There are many kinds of garnet in the market. You can find it in a variety of colors, from black, brown, green, orange, pink, purple, red and yellow. There have even been some that do not have any color. But none can compare to the price of the blue garnet. This gemstone was discovered in Madagascar in the 1990s, though it has since been mined in Russia, the United States and Turkey as well. While it has a blue green shade, the generous amount of vanadium in the stone makes it emit a purplish hue when it is held against incandescent lighting.


– $100,000 per carat Alfred Grandidier was a natural historian famed in the archaeology world for his discovery in Madagascar of the skeletons and remains of an elephant bird that weighed half a ton and that has been extinct for thousands of years. He is also famous in the world of gemology for discovering in Sri Lanka a rare stone that transmits blue, green and white light. Initially, they thought it was the gemstone serendibite, but after closer scrutiny, gemologists concluded that it was a totally new stone. It was thereafter named after Grandidier.

6. Painite

– $50,000 – 60,000 per carat Discovered in the 1950s by the Englishman Arthur C. Pain, painite is a rare borate material. It has a natural hexagon shape and has an orange-red or brownish-red color. Trace amounts of iron, vanadium and chromium are present in the stone. While it used to be the rarest stone in the world, more have been unearthed and discovered in Burma recently.

7. Musgravite

– $35,000 per carat This gemstone is actually a silicate mineral that was first discovered in Australia in an area called Musgrave. While similar minerals have since been unearthed in Madagascar, Greenland and Sri Lanka, it is still considered very rare. There are trace amounts of aluminum, berrylium and magnesium present in the stone.  semi precious


– $10,000 per carat. [More info to come]

9. Black Opal

$2,355 per carat.[More info to come]

10. Jeremevite

$2,000 per carat. [More info to come]

Henry Sapiecha

13 Rarest Gemstones and Minerals Ever Seen on Earth in this video [List 2]

Here are the 13 most rare and valuable gemstones and minerals ever seen in the world like the blye Benitoite and red diamonds!

8. Jeremejevite

This mineral was discovered way back in 1883 by a French mineralogist named Augustin Alexis Damour, who named it after the Russian scientist Pavel Vladimirovich Eremeev. The crystal was found on Mt. Soktui in Siberia, Russia. Since then, it has been described as being found in the Eifel District of Germany and in the Pamir Mountains in Namibia. This rare aluminum borate mineral is comprised of variable hydroxide and fluoride ions.

7. Poudretteite


This mineral was first found during the mid-1960’s in the Poudrette quarry of Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. However, it wasn’t until 1987 that the poudretteite was fully recognized as a new mineral. Even then, this mineral wasn’t described in depth until 2003. As stated by several different sources, it’s believed that only a relative few will ever come into contact with this mineral and let alone ever even hear it mentioned.

6. Grandidierite

This is considered to be an extremely rare mineral and gem that was first seen in 1902 on the Island of Madagascar. It was named in honor after the French explorer Alfred Grandidier who once studied the island’s natural history. Grandidierite comes in a bluish-green color and is located almost entirely in Madagascar, although, there was a clean faceted sample that was found in Sri Lanka. Grandidierite is also pleochroic, which means it’s able to absorb different wavelengths of light differently and that results in different colors, such is the same ability with the gems tanzanite and alexandrite.

5. Painite

This gemstone was first discovered back in the 1950’s in Myanmar by a British mineralogist named Arthur C. D. Pain. For the next several decades only two fragments of the hexagonal mineral were known to exist on earth. By the time the year 2005 rolled around, there were still less than 25 discovered pieces of painite and The Guinness Book of World Records had declared it the world’s rarest gemstone mineral. However, that was 11 years ago and since then the origin of the original stones has been found, along with two other major locations that have led to the discovery of thousands of small samples of painite fragments. Even so, they’re still considered one of the world’s rarest minerals.

4. Red Beryl Also known as bixbite, “red emerald”, or “scarlet emerald”,

red beryl was first reported as far back as 1904. Even though its chemical compound is closely similar to that of aquamarines and emeralds, it’s actually considered to be rarer than both of them. What gives the mineral its red color palette is thanks to the presence of ManganeseⅢ+ ions. It can be found in parts of New Mexico and Utah where it’s actually proven to be quite difficult to mine. Because of this, prices for red beryl are known to reach high levels and have even gone on to be around 10,000 per karat for stones.

3. Ammolite


This rare gemstone can be found mainly in the eastern region of the Rocky Mountains of North America. Ammolite is an opal-like gemstone that is solely made up of the fossilized shells of extinct animals known as ammonites. This makes ammolite one of the few biogenic gemstones that exist, along with pearls and amber. Ammolites weren’t officially recognized as gemstones until 1981 when they were given official status by the World Jewellery Confederation. That’s also the same year that commercial mining for ammolite began.

2. Tanzanite


It’s been said that tanzanite is 1,000 times rarer than a diamond, which might as well be the case considering the fact that it can be found almost entirely near the foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro. This is where the perfect conditions lie in order to form the mineral. Like grandidierite, tanzanite is able to produce striking shifts in color based on the crystal’s orientation and the certain lighting conditions. Caltech’s geology division states this is because the color variations are caused by the existence of vanadium ions.

1. Red Diamonds

Did you know that diamonds come in a variety of colors? In fact, diamonds can range from being yellow, brown, colorless, blue, green, black, pink, orange, and red. That’s also the same order of how rare each diamond is classified as with yellow being the least and red being the most. Not only that but diamonds are also the hardest natural substances that form here on earth. Just like the colorless diamond, the red diamond is made purely out of carbon, however, what gives the diamond its red color is actually a deformation of their atomic structure that’s known as a “plastic deformation”. The Moussaieff Red is the largest red diamond in the world among the little known other red diamonds that have been discovered.

Henry Sapiecha

12 Vibrant Ruby, Emerald & Sapphire Jewels for sale by Sothebys auction house in New York

From Colombia to Sri Lanka and India to Myanmar, the world’s finest coloured stones have been brought together for Sotheby’s Magnificent Jewels sale on 5 December in New York – one of two jewellery auctions in Sotheby’s A Life of Luxury week. An important collection of sapphire jewels by Harry Winston and Van Cleef & Arpels are among the trove of colourful gems on offer, while The Elizabeth A. Keck Collection presents a selection of spectacular emeralds. Click ahead to discover the natural beauty of these rare and lively jewels.

Magnificent Jewels
5 December | New York

1…Important Kashmir sapphire and diamond ring, the sapphire weighing 8.82 carats.
Estimate $500,000–700,000.

2…Cultured pearl, Colombian emerald and diamond necklace, Van Cleef & Arpels.
Estimate $60,000–80,000.

3…Magnificent sapphire and diamond necklace-bracelet combination, the sapphires weighing a total of approximately 123.13 carats, Harry Winston.
Estimate $1,000,000–1,500,000.

4…Highly important Burmese ruby and diamond ring, the ruby weighing 15.01 carats.
Estimate $2,500,000–3,500,000.

5…Classic Colombian emerald and diamond ring, the emerald weighing 8.01 carats, Carvin French.
Estimate $650,000–850,000.

6…Elegant Ceylon sapphire and diamond bracelet, Van Cleef & Arpels, Paris, circa 1935.
Estimate $1,000,000–1,500,000.

7…Colombian emerald and diamond bracelet, Van Cleef & Arpels, France.
Estimate $175,000–225,000.

8…Pair of rare sapphire and diamond earclips, the classic Burmese sapphires weighing 23.02 and 20.83 carats, Harry Winston.
Estimate $650,000–850,000.

9…Classic Thai ruby and diamond ring, weighing 11.13 carats.
Estimate $80,000–120,000.

10…Pair of sapphire and diamond earclips, Graff.
Estimate $40,000–60,000.

11…Classic Colombian emerald and diamond ring, the emerald weighing 12.48 carats, Van Cleef & Arpels, France.
Estimate $250,000–350,000. 

12…Ceylon sapphire and diamond bracelet, Van Cleef & Arpels.
Estimate $180,000–220,000.

Henry Sapiecha

7 Myths About Jewellery & Gemstones To Dispel

There are a few interesting myths people believe in. This curious phenomenon covers every sphere of our life, jewelry included. Here is a list of the 7 myths about precious metals and stones most of us believe in yet the reality is different.

Find out what the truth is!

1. Diamonds are the rarest stones
Diamonds are rear and rather difficult to find. Nevertheless, there even rarer gems in nature. This is the fact and it is recorded in the Guinness Book. It is interesting that there is no other precious stone that is as rear and special as painite.

2. Gold of three different colors
Shop assistants will probably ask you which gold you prefer: rose, yellow or white. Pure gold is always yellow. It changes its color only when other compounds are added. No matter how expensive and beautiful the jewelry is, if it is made of gold that has rosy or white color, it means that the gold is not pure.

3. Gold testing through biting
We all have heard that you can tell if the gold is real by biting it. They say that gold is a soft metal and if you bite it hard enough, you will see teeth marks in it. Actually, there are more metals that as soft as gold and have the same color. If you trust this myth you can one day buy a different metal instead of gold!

4. Indestructible diamonds
That’s myth number one. People think that diamonds are unbreakable. In fact, they can chip or crack. The truth is that the structure of the diamond is different from that of other materials. Diamonds are stronger than any other mineral and can cut or scratch most other materials. However this feature does not make them indestructible.

5. Pearls dissolve in vinegar
You can find a grain of truth in this statement. Of course it would take quite some time plus you would need to crush them first. It is very unlikely that you are going to carry out such an unusual experiment to test and prove the fact.

6. Opals attract bad luck
In Ancient Rome people considered opals to bring good luck. Times have changed and nowadays this precious stone is thought to attract bad luck. It is up to you to decide whether you believe this prejudice or not. The fact is that black opals are very unique and rarely found hence they are expensive.

7. The color of diamond reflects in its price
Diamonds are never cheap. Some say that the most precious hence the most expensive type of diamond is the blue diamond. As a matter of fact, there are other not less important criteria by which experts estimate the true value of the gem, such as its clarity, cut, carat weight and so on.

Henry Sapiecha

Sales at Myanmar’s jade expo less than last year

The overall numbers are big:

  • 6,561 pieces of jade exhibited
  • 5,092 sold
  • 326 gems, among them rubies and sapphires, showcased
  • 105 gems sold
  • $612.4 million in total sales
  • Nearly 2,000 local entrepreneurs and 200 foreign business people in attendance

However, results from the 2017 Jade and Gems Emporium are 3 per cent lower than last year’s in terms of the amount of cash the event made, says Deal Street Asia.

The 54th edition of the expo, which is organized by Myanmar’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation and the Jade and Gems Emporium Central Committee, was held from August 2-11 in Nay Pyi Taw.

Besides rough jade and gems, the trade show included cut and polished gemstones, jewelry, jade carvings and gemstone pictures that were sold in euros through an open tender system.

Myanmar -or Burma- has a +$31 billion jade industry, which is the source of nearly all of the world’s finest greenstone and it’s a magnet for foreign capital, with China being its number one buyer.

Nearly half the Southeast Asian country’s GDP comes from jade mining.

Henry Sapiecha

China’s Fosun sweetens the pot for offer on Gemfields

Emeralds and rubies miner Gemfields (LON:GEM) is encouraging its minority shareholders to accept an improved takeover bid from China’s Fosun International, despite considering it unfair, to avoid being bought-up by its largest shareholder.

The London-listed miner told investors Tuesday that while the terms of Fosun’s proposal are “not fair or reasonable,” the offer from South African private equity group Pallinghurst, Gemfields’ biggest shareholder, is even more “derisory.”

The precious stones miner has recommended shareholders to accept Fosun’s new offer, despite considering it “unfair” and “unreasonable.”Fosun Gold, a unit of Fosun International, increased Tuesday its offer for Gemfields to 45 pence per share from an earlier proposal of 40.85 pence per share. That’s an 18% premium compared to Gemfields’ share price before it first announced it had received an unsolicited bid.

The sweetened offer trumps Pallinghurst Resources’ rival bid of 38.5 pence to acquire the 53% of the coloured gems producer it does not already own.

Fosun chief executive Wang Qunbin said his company was impressed by Gemfields’ “long-term business potential, in particular in the China market”, adding that its cash offer provides a “compelling alternative” to Pallinghurst’s all-share bid.

Gemfields’ board did not share Qunbin’s enthusiasm, noting that Fosun’s new bid still represents an 18% discount to where the company’s shares traded only six months ago.

It also said it would to pay the Chinese miner a break fee of $2 million by way of compensation if a competing proposal becomes or is declared wholly unconditional.

Shares in the company jumped almost 5% in the first hour of trade in London to 43.50 p and while it lost a few points later, it was still 4.62% higher to 42.50 p by 3:00 PM local time.

Gemfields, which owns the luxury Fabergé jewellery brand, is the world’s biggest coloured gems producer, accounting for roughly a third of the world’s emeralds and rubies from two mines in Mozambique and Zambia.

Last week, the company broke its own record by achieving the highest revenue from its latest auction of rough rubies.

Henry Sapiecha

China’s Fosun heats up control of Gemfields with 10% bid share premium

Actress Mila Kunis is Gemfields’ brand ambassador. (Photo by Mario Sorrenti. Courtesy of Gemfields.)

Emeralds and rubies miner Gemfields (LON:GEM) may become the centre of a bidding war as China’s Fosun International has approached the company with an attractive offer, which comes only a month after the gems producer rejected a bid from its largest shareholder.

Gemfields, which owns the luxury Fabergé jewellery brand, believes its talks with Fosun will result in a cash offer at a “superior value” to Pallinghurt’s unsolicited bid.

The proposal by Fosun Gold, a unit of Fosun International, values the London-listed company at £225 million ($288m), while South African private equity group Pallinghurst attempted to buy Gemfields in May at its current valuation of £195 million ($250m).

“Gemfields represents a compelling opportunity to continue to develop a leading gemstone producer with a dominant position in both global emerald and ruby production and a strong consumer brand,” Fosun said.

Shares in the company shot up more that 13% in the first hour of trade in London reaching 40.31p by 2:25PM local time, just below the 40.85p offered by Fosun. That value represents 15.1% premium to the miner’s June 13 closing price, and a 10.1% premium to the current implied price per share contained in Pallinghurst’s offer.

Gemfields, which owns the luxury Fabergé jewellery brand, said it believes its talks with Fosun will result in a cash offer at a “superior value” to Pallinghurt’s unsolicited bid, which remains open for acceptance until July 4.

The company repeated its call to shareholders to take no action after the Pallinghurst offer, which it said undervalued it.

Gemfields is the world’s biggest coloured gems producer, accounting for roughly a third of the world’s emeralds and rubies from two mines in Mozambique and Zambia.

Henry Sapiecha

Ruby sales record at Singapore auction set by Gemfields

The miner is currently a takeover target from Chinese and South African interests.

At the auction, held in Singapore, the company sold $54.8 million worth of rubies, a record high for any Gemfields auction and a 24% increase in revenue from the previous record.

Of the 83 lots offered, 78 were sold with an average realized price of $61.13 per carat, the miner said. Al the stones offered were extracted by Gemfields’ 75%-owned Montepuez Ruby Mining at the deposit of the same name in Mozambique.

Since June 2004, the gems producer has held eight auctions for precious stones mined at the Montepuez deposit.

Gemfields, which owns the luxury Fabergé jewellery brand, is the world’s biggest coloured gems producer, accounting for approximately a third of the world’s emeralds and rubies from two African mines in Mozambique and Zambia.

Henry Sapiecha

Gemfields steps up fight against takeover by largest investor

Actress Mila Kunis is Gemfields’ brand ambassador. (Image: Screenshot from Gemfields 2014’s advert| YouTube)

Emeralds and rubies miner Gemfields (LON:GEM) said Wednesday a group of independent directors recommended shareholders to reject a takeover bid by largest investor Pallinghurst Resources Limited.

The Johannesburg-listed private equity firm wants to buy all the shares it doesn’t already own in Gemfields, but an “independent committee” formed by the precious stones miner has determined the offer “significantly undervalues the company, its unique asset base and its leading position in the coloured gemstone sector.”
“Pallinghurst Resources wants to buy all the shares it doesn’t already own in Gemfields, but miner said offer is “derisory.””

Shares in Gemfields fell on the news, closing 1.10% down in London to 33.75p.

The group of advisers is made up of chairman Graham Mascall, chief executive Ian Harebottle, chief financial officer Janet Boyce and non-executive directors Clive Newall and Finn Behnken.

Despite their close ties with Gemfields, the company said it considered the committee to be “free from conflicts of interest in respect of the unsolicited offer”.

Gemfields is the world’s biggest coloured gems producer, accounting for roughly a third of the world’s emeralds and rubies from two mines in Mozambique and Zambia. The miner also owns the luxury Fabergé brand.

Pallinghurst also has interests in the platinum and manganese sector in South Africa, but Gemfields is the assets where it has the largest share. The firm has until June 16 to release full details of its offer for Gemfields under Takeover Panel rules.

Henry Sapiecha